In the age of omnipresent cloud-based services, it’s hard to imagine that the mere idea of cloud computing was unthinkable just a few decades ago.
Today, we store our holiday snapshots in the cloud, collaborate simultaneously on documents, watch videos on demand online and connect with people around the world via social networks. Services that rely on cloud technologies are deeply embedded in our lives, both personal (Netflix, Whatsapp, LinkedIn, Instagram, Dropbox, Siri, Gmail, etc.) and professional (Emails, Google Docs/Sheets, Microsoft Office 365, Creative Cloud, Canva, Salesforce, Hubspot, etc.).
But when did cloud computing become “a thing”?
In this article, we’ll walk you through the milestones humanity passed on the way to what is today known as cloud computing.
We’ll cover these chapters:
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The kickoff of cloud computing’s history dates back to the early 1960s. Here, various events took place.
In 1968, ARPA commissioned the first routers to be built. A year later, in 1969, two computers (one located at Stanford University and the other at the University of Los Angeles) were connected thanks to the ARPANET. This network is considered the precursor of today’s Internet. A first message was successfully sent from one computer to another on October 29, 1969.
At this time, Licklider was not working at ARPA anymore. Due to his previous work and inspiration, he is considered one of the “fathers” of the Internet.
The next milestones come more than two decades after the establishment of the internet.
Amazon became the first company to offer cloud services worldwide. Amazon Web Services (AWS) offered virtual computers for rent and allowed people to use their own programs and applications online.
We all know what followed: 2008, Google Cloud was launched. 2009 Alibaba Cloud. 2010 Microsoft Azure. 2011 IBM Cloud. 2013 Tencent Cloud. 2016 Oracle Cloud.
Today, the public cloud market is split up between very few big players, led by (who would have guessed?) the companies that started penetrating the market first. Only four companies share over two thirds of the cloud market in 2022: AWS, Azure, Google Cloud, and Alibaba Cloud make up for 70% of cloud infrastructure in Q2 2022.
Of course, the birth of cloud computing is not the end of the story.
First, there is still room for innovation to make computing services even more efficient, convenient, and eco-friendly. Indeed, many cloud providers are taking actions to **lower their carbon footprint**and become more sustainable. Edge computing, combined with the cloud, is also an emerging trend in the IT world, as it enables organizations to process data with more speed and scalability.
Moreover, many organizations still need to achieve their cloud transformation, or to modernize their hybrid cloud infrastructure. At Txture, we’re proud to contribute to this global modernization effort by supporting system integrators in their cloud transformation projects all over the world.
Want to learn more about our platform for end-to-end cloud transformation planning? Have a look at our short introduction video!
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